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The Cyrus Cylinder on View at Metropolitan Museum
The Cyrus Cylinder—a 2,600-year-old inscribed clay document from Babylon in ancient Iraq and one of the most famous surviving icons from the ancient world—is the centerpiece of the traveling exhibition The Cyrus Cylinder and Ancient Persia: Charting a New Empire, on view at The Metropolitan Museum of Art beginning June 20.  The Cylinder is relevant to millions of people across the world.  It marks the establishment of Persian rule in 539 B.C. by Cyrus the Great, with the defeat of Babylon, the restoration of shrines, and the return of deported peoples and their gods. Cyrus’ legacy is celebrated in the biblical tradition, where he is seen as a liberator, enabling the return to Jerusalem.  The Cylinder and 16 related works on view, all on loan from the British Museum, reflect the innovations initiated by Persian rule in the ancient Near East (550–331 B.C.) and chart a new path for this empire, the largest the world had known.  Also on display will be works of art from the Metropolitan's Department of Drawings and Prints and Department of European Sculpture and Decorative Arts that celebrate Cyrus and his legacy as a liberal and enlightened ruler. A unique aspect of the exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum will be its display within the Galleries of Ancient Near Eastern Art, where objects from the permanent collections—including the famous lions from Babylon—will provide a stunning backdrop. 

The exhibition was organized by the British Museum in partnership with the Iran Heritage Foundation and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution.  The exhibition is supported by an indemnity from the Federal Council on the Arts and the Humanities.  
Achaemenid kings paid homage to Ahuramazda, the supreme Zoroastrian deity. Whether or not the kings were strictly Zoroastrian, the religion took root in Iran under the Achaemenids. A votive plaque from the Oxus Treasure shows a figure holding a barsom or bundle of sticks, an object typically associated with piety in Zoroastrian art.

Many classical authors refer to the great wealth of the Persian royal treasuries. Two shallow bowls—one of gold and the other of silver—suggest the kind of luxury tableware that was available to the Persian elite. 
Large animal-headed armlets were presented as diplomatic gifts. On display will be an armlet with terminals in the form of mythical creatures. 
A special feature about the exhibition will appear on the Metropolitan Museum’s website (www.metmuseum.org).

by Metropolitan Museum
Categoria: Cultura & Arte | Visualizações: 577 | Adicionado por : netoangel | Tags: symbol, art, The Cyrus Cylinder, Metropolitan Museum, Tolerance, Museum | Ranking: 5.0/1
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